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是否商用NB-IoT并不是物联网规模化发展的真正瓶颈
时间:2018-04-23     来源:智慧新闻     作者:智慧新闻 2245

        buyaozaizhenglunnb-iothelorajishusheiyousheilie、sheineng“gandiao”shei,haishigengduokaolvjikehumaishenmewulianwangchanpin、ruheshengchanzheixiewulianwangchanpinba,fouze,zuizhongbuhuishibeijingzhengxingdejishutaotaidiao,ershibeikehutaotaidiao。


        jinri,zhongguoliantongwulianwangyewubuzongjinglichenxiaotianzaiyigeluntanshangtoulu,daojinnian5yuefen,zhongguoliantongnb-iotjizhanguimojiangchaoguo30wange,jibenkeyizuodaoquanguofugai,emtcwangluoyezaijiasutuijin。zheishijizhongguodianxinnb-iotquanguoshangyong、zhongguoyidonghaozhi400yijiannb-iotwangluozhihou,zhongguoliantongzainb-iotshangdezhongbangxiaoxi,guoneisandayunyingshangdewulianwangjichusheshijianshehaobuhanhu。buguo,nb-iotwangluoshangyongjiasubudaibiaoyunyingshangwulianwangdejiasu。shijishang,yunyingshangzaiwulianwangyewushangsuomianduidekunjing,bingbuzaiyuwangluo,erzaiyuyewujiagouhezhishijiegoudengfangmiandepingjing,erzheixiepingjingshijinshinianlaiyizhicunzaide,nb-iotshangyonghou,gengyinggaidapozheixiepingjing。



        物联网2.0阶段,网络是一个基本条件



        ciqian,yiyouduogequdaochuanchuzhongguoliantong30wannb-iotjizhandeshangyongxiaoxi,biruzaizhongguodianzixinxibolanhuishangjuxingde2018zhongguowulianwang(nb-iot)jishuchuangxinyuyingyongluntanzhong,guangdongliantongdezhuanjiajiugongkaiguozheiyixiaoxi。bizhecanjialezheiyiluntan,duiyuzhongguoxintongyuanfuyuanzhangheguiliyanjiangzhongsuojiangde“wulianwang2.0”yinxianggengweishenke,heyuanzhangrenweisuizhenb-iot、emtcwangluodequanqiubushu,wulianwangjinru2.0jieduan,erxiangzheiyijieduanmaijinzhongyouliangdatezhengzhuanbian,jiyigeshixiaofanweidejubuyingyongxiangjiaodafanweiguimohuayingyongzhuanbian,lingyigeshichuizhiyingyonghebihuanyingyongxiangkuajieronghe、shuipinghuahekaihuanyingyongzhuanbian。


        zaiweilaijinianzhong,chunxiaofeixingwulianwangzhiwaidechanyewulianwangjiangshixiangengkuaisudefazhan,wulianwangjishuheguominjingjidegexinggeyejiehe,weichanyedailaizhuanxingshengjidejiazhi。gsmafabubaogaoyuce,2017-2015nian,xiaofeiwulianwanglianjieguimojiangzengjia2.5bei,tongshiqichanyewulianwanglianjieguimojiangzengjia4.7bei,bingchaoguoxiaofeiwulianwanglianjieshu。zaizheiyangfazhanqianjingxia,dianxinyunyingshangyaotuijinguimohua、kuajieronghedewulianwang2.0jincheng,xuyaojinyibujiaqiangduizhengqixingyekehudefuwu。nb-iot/emtcwangluoshangyonghou,chuqiyegengduomianxiangdeshichanyewulianwang。


        henmingxian,zaimianduiwulianwang2.0de“lianggezhuanbian”zhong,nb-iot/emtcwangluodeshangyongzhishiyigejibendetiaojian,bingweixingchengchongfentiaojian,conggenbenshangdapo“lianggezhuanbian”debilei。zaiguoqudeduonianzhong,zheixiebileiyizhicunzai,bingmeiyouyinweinb-iot/emtcwangluodejiansheergaibian。



        业务体系、知识结构的瓶颈



        sandayunyingshangyoushushiwanguimodeyixianxiaoshouhefuwurenyuan,zheixierenyuanbianbuquanguomeiyigechengshi、xiangzhen,haiyouwushudequdaoshang,henshaoyouqitaqiyehuozuzhiyourucimijide、wanggehuaxiaoshoufuwutixi。buguo,yezhengshiyinweiyouzheimepangdadexiaoshoufuwuqunti,suoxiaoshoudechanpinjinliangshigaodubiaozhunhuachanpin,jinliangshijiandanmingledechanpinjieshao,zheiyangcairongyijinxingguanli。zaiguoqudeshiduonianli,suoxiaoshoudeshisimka、duanxin、yuyin、liuliangbaodengzheixiefeichangjiandanyidongdechanpin,jishiduiyuzhengqixingyekehu,yeshijituanduancaixin、zhuanxian、hujiaozhongxin、400dianhuadeng,suiranmianduiquntishizhengfuheqiye,dandaduozuizhongkeyianzhaoshiyongshizhang、liuliangjifei,yiranshiyizhonggaodubiaozhunhuachanpin。


        congqiyeshengchanjingyinglaishuo,yunyingshangweixingyekehutigongdezheixiebiaozhunhuachanpinzhishiqiyefuzhuliuchengdexinxihuadechanpin,yinweizheixiechanpinbingweishenrudaoqiyeshengchanjingyingliuchengzhong。ermianduiyouyewuzhuanxingshengjixuqiudezhengqikehu,wulianwangshizhulizhuanxingshengjideliqi,wulianwangfanganzhongdexinpian、ganzhishebei、tongxinshebei、guanlipingtaidouyaozhijiejiejuexingyeheqiyedehexindeshengchanjingyingzhongdetongdian,tishengshenzhichedibiangeshengchanjingyingliucheng。mianduizheiyangdegaibian,shideyunyingshangmianlinlianggetiaozhan:yishihennanyougaodubiaozhunhuadechanpin,ershihennanshenrulijiekehushengchanjingyingliucheng。jiandanyixielaishuo,shouxianshixiaoshouhefuwurenyuankunhuomaishenmechanpin,qicijishiqingchulemaishenmechanpin,zheixiechanpinruhe“shengcheng”chulai?zheiyangdepingjing,nb-iotwangluodeshangyongyebuhuiduiqiyougenbenxingdegaiguan。



        1)卖什么产品?



        wulianwangdetedianjuedinglemianduizhengqixingyekehushihennanyougaodubiaozhunhuadechanpin,zheiyidianbizheyouyixieqinshentihui。zaozai2011nianchu,bizhezuoweidisanfangzixunguwenbangmoushengyidonggongsizhengqibushuliqiwulianwangchanpin,mudeshizhenduizhuyaodexingyekehu,tilianchuyixiexiangduibiaozhunhuadechanpin,xingchengchanpinshouce,gongyixianxingyejinglimianduikehushishiyong。dangshigaidiyidonggongsiyiyoudaliangxingyekehushiyongleqiwulianwangfangan,tongguocongsuoyouyiyoukehuanlizhongtilian,bizhefaxiannengxingchengbiaozhunhuadezhuyaoshidianlichaobiao、wuxianposji、chewutongdengshaoshujigechanpin,yinweizheixiechanpinzhuyaohaishijiyushouka、duanxinheliuliangde,birudianlichaobiao、wuxianposjiushikaitongxingyeyingyongkabingfushangzhuanmendejigeliuliangtaocan,chewutongzhuyaoshiliuliangkazuoweishujutongdaoshiyong,zheixiedouyoubiaozhunhuadezifeihechanpinxingtai。danshi,duiyudapengjiankong、diguankongzhi、weihuacheliangjiankongdengyingyong,suiranyouzhuanmendetaocanzifei,danyingyongzhongbaohanleduandaoduandefangan,meigeyingyongdoubuyiyang,wufaxingchengbiaozhunhuachanpinmoshi。


        dangshidewulianwangchangjinggengduozhishiyixiejianceleiyingyong,zhuyaocaiyong2gwangluo,yijinghennanxingchengbiaozhunhuachanpinmobangongxiaoshourenyuanhexingyekehujinglishiyong。ermuqianchuanganqi、xinpian、wangluo、wulianwangpingtai、dashujufenxidengjishuyiyouzhangzujinbu,keyishixiandechangjinggengduo,cishigengwufaxingchengbiaozhunhuadechanpinxingtai。


        shixiangyixia,youyuanlaimailiuliang、duanxin、zhuanxian、hujiaozhongxinbiaozhunhuachanpin,zhuanbiandaomeigekehudoushifeichanggexinghuadechanpin,yunyingshangzheishushiwanxiaoshou、fuwurenyuanruheshiying?nb-iotwangluoshangyong,dailaigengduowulianwangchangjing,tongshiyeyiweizhedailaigengduogexinghuachanpinxuyaoyixianxiaoshou、fuwurenyuanlaixuexihetuiguang,yidingbunengshijinjinmainb-iotliuliangka。xianyourenyuandezhishijiegouhejingyan,xuyaojinxingdafanweidezhuanbian,zheishiyunyingshangwulianwangguimohuafazhandezhongyaopingjing。



        2)产品如何“生产”出来?



        jishijiyixianxiaoshou、fuwurenyuanzhunbeiledaliangnengmanzugexingyegexingxuqiudechanpinjieshaocailiao,nenggouqingchudijikehuzhanshichanpin,zheixiechanpinyaoruhe“shengchan”chulaiyeshiyidapingjing。duanxin、liuliangdengzheixiechuantongtongxinxingyechanpinshiyunyingshangziyuankexianchengshengchandechanpin,danwulianwangjiejuefanganxuyaodehenduoziyuanyunyingshangbingbujubei。


        quzhongxinhuawulizhilian、duoxindaotongxinqiehuan、digonghaoyunxing、gaobingfashishihuichuan、duoxieyikuozhanjianrong、zhongduanshujuyuchuli。zheizhishiduishebeijiankongqianduandeyixieyaoqiu,zhenggexitonghaiyouhenduoyaoqiu。congzheixieyaoqiukeyikanchu,jinjindanyideyizhangwangluobingbunengmanzuchanpindexuqiu。zhihuishuiwuchanpinshiyigeduoyuanhua、kekaoxingjishuronghedejieguo,ciqianxuanchuanzhongjiangnb-iotchaobiaokuadachengzhihuishuiwujiejuefanganwuyishiyizhongwudao。mianduizheiyangdeyigezhihuishuiwujiejuefanganxuqiu,yunyingshangzishenziyuandangranwufawancheng,erxiediaoduofangziyuanjinxingxietonghuashengchanshizhenduiwulianwangyewuxuyaotupodelingyidapingjing。



        产业生态:解决瓶颈



        dangran,congshiduonianqianyunyingshangkaizhanm2myewukaishijiuyiyishidaolezheixiepingjing,dangshizhishizheiyiyewuzhishiyunyingshangzhenggetixizhongyigehenxiaodezengzhiyewu,danmuqian“dalianjie”zhanlvehexindezengzhangdianxuyao,wulianwangchengweihexin、zhanlvexingyewu,zheixiepingjingbixupochu。dianxinyunyingshangsuiranshilongtouqiye,danmianduiwulianwangyebukenengyijiajiunengdapozheixiebilei,suoyifazhanwulianwangchanpinshengtaichengweiyigezhongyaofangshi。


        2011nianbizhecengduimoushengyidonggongsituichudeyigewulianwangdiguanxiangmujinxingdiaoyanzongjie,faxianruoanchuantongchanpinxingtaijisuan,yidonggongsimeinianzhihuodeshuqianyuandeduanxinfei,zheiduiyushubaimutudidediguandaxiangmutouruzijinlaishuojiushijiuniuyimaodeshouru。buguo,bizhefaxiangaixiangmuzhongyidonggongsigengdadejiazhi,jigaitudisuoyouzhezhixinrenyidonggongsizheiyangdelongtouqiye,yidonggongsijikehushejizhengtifangan,youqihezuohuobantigongruanyingjianchanpin,zheixiehezuohuobanzhongyouduiguangaifeichangzhuanyederuanyingjianjichengshang,dankehubingbuhuijiangxiangmuzhijiejiaojitamen。


        muqian,womenkeyikandao,duodiyunyingshangyijingkaizhandaliangdepeixun,peixundezhujiangrenzhuyaoshiyixieyoudaliangxingyejingyan、youxiangmuluodijingyandejiejuefanganchangshang,tongguozheixiejiejuefanganshangdepeixunhejiaoliu,tilianyixiexingyegongxingfangan,xingchengyixianxiaoshou、fuwurenyuankexiaoshoudechanpin。lingyifangmian,yunyingshangdechanyeshengtaiyeshiguangfanzhaomugeleichuanganqi、ruanjian、jichengshangdengzaichuizhilingyuyoujingyanjileidechangshang。weilaineixiejuyouzhengqixingyejingyanhezhishijileidegeleihezuohuoban,jiangshiheyunyingshangjinmibangdingdequnti,chengweiyunyingshangyewutixihezhishijiegouzhongzhongyaodezuchengbufen。


        qunian6yue,gongxinbufabude《quanmiantuijinyidongwulianwang(nb-iot)jianshefazhandetongzhi》tichunb-iotjizhanhelianjieshudemubiao。xianzailaikan,jizhanjianshedemubiaoyidinghuianshi、chaoewancheng,danlianjieshushidadadiyuyuqi。yinweijizhanjiansheshiyunyingshangweizhudaodechanyeshangyouquntilaituijin,tongguoyidingdeqiangzhixingzhengshouduan、kouhaohua、dongyuanshidefangshikeyizaiduanshijianneishixian,danlianjieshushijiazhijingji,zhinengtongguoshichanghua、lixingjuecelaishixian,dangshangyouqiyeheyonghuzhijianhaicunzaihenduobileishi,bushiyichaoyixinengjiejuede。


        daomuqianzheigejieduan,haiyoudaliangrenshizaizhenglunzhenb-iothelorazhijiandeyouliejingzheng、nb-iothelorasheineng“gandiao”shei。bizhejuedezheiyangdezhenglunmeiyoutaidayiyi,zhengruqianwensuoshu,dangchangshangduikehumaishenmechanpin、chanpinruheshengchengchulaihaicunzaizhepingjingshi,caiyongshenmewangluojishubingbushiguanjianyinsu。bizherenwei,lorazheiyibolaipinzhisuoyizaiguoneihenyoushengmingli,gengduoshizaiyutigonglorafangandeneixiezhongxiaoqiyeshenrulijiekehuxuqiu,mingquekeyimaidechanpin,yenengjianggaichanpinshengchanchulai。


        wangluobushiyigehexinpingjing,ruguozai2gwangluoxiayunyingshangmianduiwulianwangkehubuzhidaomaishenmechanpin、ruheshengchanchanpin,neimebushuyizhangnb-iotwangluojiunenggaibianzheiyixianzhuangma?ruoshinengtupozheixiepingjing,jishiwangluojianshezhihouyekenengxingchenghoufayoushi。suoyishuo,buyaozaizhenglunnb-iothelorajishusheiyousheilie、sheineng“gandiao”shei,haishigengduokaolvjikehumaishenmewulianwangchanpin、ruheshengchanzheixiewulianwangchanpinba,fouze,zuizhongbuhuishibeijingzhengxingdejishutaotaidiao,ershibeikehutaotaidiao。


        laiyuan:zhihuixinwen