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看AI芯片行业发展的三大方向,中国芯有弯道超车的可能
时间:2018-05-10     来源:亿欧网     作者:亿欧网 2089

        [daodu] xinpianyanfazhouqixinghenzhang,yanfachenggonglvdi,shiyigezijinmijixingherenlimijixingxingye。zuoweimenjianjiaogaodelingyu,yaoshixianguochanxinpiandeganchao,zuoxinpiandechuangyegongsiduituanduihetouzirendouyouyidingyaoqiu。


        duiyuaixingyelaishuo,ziyanyizhongzhenzhengshiheaiyunsuandezhuanyouxinpianshizuilixiangdefazhanfangxiang。muqianaixingyebenshenhaichuyufazhanchuqi,yinciaixinpiandegejuyeshangweiminglang,zhongguoyouwandaochaochedekeneng。



        中国芯片产业结构的缺失



        zhongxingshijiandefashengbaoluchulezhongguoxinpianchanyejiegoudequeshi。zhongguozhiyouzhongdiduanxinpiandeyanfanengli,meiyougaoduanxinpian。


        bujiuzhiqianyuzhongxingjinxingguoyicijiaoliu,tamenhenzaozhiqianjiuyishidaolehexinxinpiandewenti,queyizhimeiyoubuju,meiyouzhanlvexingdebuju。xiangduilaishuo,huaweiyaohaoyixie,zaonianjianbujulehaisibandaoti,zhuyaoyingyongzaishoujichuliqi。danshizongtishang,tongxinlingyudehexinbujiandouyaocongmeiguojinkou,lirugaosushumozhuanhuanxinpian,jiguangqi、jieshoujidexinpiandengdeng。zheixiebujian,zhongguodoumeiyouziyandenengli。


        bujinruci,hexinqijiandecaigoubenshenyeyoupingjing。yiguangqijianweili,youfeichangzhangdegonghuozhouqi,buyicaigou,xuyaosuishizuohaobeian。rengongzhinengzuihuodeshihou,zuoshenruxuexideyingweidagpu titanhennancaigou,dangshitongguodailicaigousandaosigeyueyihoucainengnadaohuo。


        tongxinlingyuxinpianyouqishiguangqijiandecaigoushibansuidianxinshichangde“guangjintongtui”beijing,jiguangtongxinshichangdefazhanerchanshengde,baokuoguganwang、chengyuwang、yijijieruwangdouyijinghuozhezhengzaijinxingguangxianhua。tongshi,shujuzhongxin(idc)wangluojianshexuyaoyongdaoguangxianguanglan、guangtongxinshebeiyijiguangqijian/guangmokuai。


        jinnianlai,suizhezhengfu、jinrong、dianxin、youxi、shipin、dianzishangwudengxingyeshujujizhonghua、xunihuaqushixingcheng,idcyijingchengweizhichengyonghurichangyewuyunzuozuizhongyaodejichusheshi。yunjisuandafazhan,weiguangqijian,youqishigaosuguangmokuaixingyedailailequanxindefazhanjiyu。



        我国AI创业主要集中在应用层



        duiyurengongzhinenglingyudechuangyelaishuo,zhongguogaoduanxinpiandequeshiyijingxingchengleyidingchezhou。


        liruzidongjiashilingyubibeidejiguangleida,xuyaogaosushumozhuanhuanqi,muqiandouxuyaojinkou。shouxianyuxinpianwenti,youyixiechuangyetuanduizhengzaichangshicongjishushangraokaishumozhuanhuan,danxiangmufengmaolinjiaoerqiedadoubuchengshu。haiyoujiqirendehexinbujian:sifudianji、xiebojiansuqi、kongzhiqideng,gaoduanchanpinjibenyiriben、hanguoheouzhouweizhu,douxuyaocaigou。zhongdiduanchanpinzhongguoyekeyizuo,danshixingneng、zhiliangdenghaiyoujiaodachaju。


        jiyuzheiyangdexianshi,jinliangniandabufenrengongzhinengxiangmudoujizhongzaiyingyongshang,zhuyaozuochanpinhejicheng,shuyuyingyongxingxiangmu。


        congzhenggezaoqitouzidexingyefenbushang,yekeyikanchudadoujizhongzaiyingyongceng。dashuju、zhinengzhizao、yunjisuan、jinrong、yiliaodenglingyushizuishouzhongguozibenshichangguanzhudelingyu。jiu2017nianderengongzhinengdejishuyingyongeryan, bduandeqiyejiyingyongxiangduirongyiluodi,rengongzhinengjishudailaidechengbenjiangdihexiaolvtisheng,zaianfang、zhinengkefu、jinrong、zhengwudenglingyu,yijixingyejiqirenzaixunjian、jingyonganfangdenglingyudouyijingdedaoleyidingchengdudeshangyeyanzheng。



        AI专用芯片中国正齐头赶上



        suiranzaitongyongxinpianlingyuzhongguoyijingshiquxianfayoushi,danshiduiyuaixinpian,womenkandaolebutongdeshichangmianmao。

        muqian,zhuyaoyongyudicengyunsuandexinpian,congxingyeshanglaijiang,dagaiyousangefangxiang:

        diyigefangxiangshiyiyingweidaweidaibiaodegpufangan,henduoqiyezhengzaishiyongdetongyongxinpian;

        diergeshifpgafangan,zuoweizhuanyongjichengdianlu(asic)lingyuzhongdeyizhongbandingzhidianluerchuxian;

        disangeshiziyanjichengdianlu,biruxiangshenjian、hanwuji、dipingxianzheixiegongsi,tamendouzaizijizuoyixiezhuanyongderengongzhinengxinpian,yonglaizuoshenruxuexidexunlianhuoyunsuan。


        gpudeyunsuanjiagouqiahaoshiheyushenduxuexidaliangdebingxingjisuan,yincixunsujinruleaishichang,fpgadetedianzaiyuheyingjianjiehebijiaojinmi,bianchengbijiaolinghuo,dicengpeizhihegoujianbijiaolinghuo。dancongkaifanandu、jiagounandudaogonghao、chengbenheyunsuanchengbendengjiaodu,zheiliangzhongfangshidouyoubiduan。suoyizuilixiangdefangshi,jiushiziyanyizhongzhenzhengshiherengongzhinengyunsuandezhuanyouxinpian。


        dangran,zhuanyouxinpianyanfazhouqizhang、chengbenda,biqigpudengtongyongxinpian,zhuanyouxinpiandeyanfashangchuyuzaoqi,jingzhenggejuyeshangweiminglang。jingzhenggejubuminglang,duiyuzhongguolaishuo,jiuyiweizhejihui。


        1、guojiazhengcelihao。diyishichanyezhengce,zhongguodechanyeyuanhuozheshuochanyezhengcebenlaijiuyoujujiaoxiaoying,zheiduiyuxinpianchanyedefazhanlaishuofeichangzhongyao;diershizibenshichangzhichi,xinpianzuoweiguojiahexinkejizhanlvehennanqumeiguoshangshi,guojiaweilaiyidinghuirangqizaiagushangshi,duiyushouru、lirunmanzubulexianyouagushangshibiaozhunde,jianghuiyouyixiliegaige,zheishibiranqushi,xianzaiguojiayijingyouzhidaoyijiandanhaimeiyouxize;disan,guojiayoukenengcongbutiedejiaodujiyuxinpianchuangyexiangmuzhichi。


        2、xinxingjishulingyuzhongguobingweiluohou。jinjinianzairengongzhineng、wurenjiashi、vr/ardengxinxingjishulingyu,zhongguobingweiluohou,zuiweidianxingdejiushirengongzhinenglingyu,zhongmeidechajubushitebieda,bingbuxianggongyeshidai。


        3、rengongzhinengshebeidebendihuajisuanqushishiziyanxinpiandejihui。guoqurengongzhinengshebeidoushiyunduanyunsuan,danshiyunduanshibiezaiyunsuansudu、wangluozhanyong、jiaohutiyandengfangmiandouyouhendadebiduan,biruzhinengyinxiangjiandandehuanxinggongnengxuyaojiangxinxishangchuanzhifuwuqi,jingguoyunduanchulizhihouzaifanhuizhibendijiqiren,yidanwangluochuxianwenti,zhenggejiaohutiyandouhuishoudaoyingxiang。yinci,weilaibendihuayunsuanjiangshirengongzhinengfazhandequshizhiyi,weilairuguomeitaizhongduandouyouyigebendihuadejisuanxinpian,tiyanhuigenghao。


        4、tongyongxinpiandachangdelujingyilai,weiziyanxinpiandefazhanchuangzaoleshijianhekongjian。yidonghulianwangshidaiyingteerzhuanxingyidongduanxinpianshishibaide,jutouduonianjuedeyanfazhichu,hennanbeibingqi。


        xinpiandejingzhengbenzhishangshiyunxingsuduhechengbendejingzheng。tongyongyuzhuanyong,gpu、fpga、asicsangejishuluxianruheshixianfengonghejieti,shijiexialaiaixinpianshichangdeyigejiaodian。



        AI芯片的投资和创业逻辑



        jiyurengongzhinengdefazhanqushi,womenrenweijiyuruanjiansuanfadejishuchuangxinleixiangmuweilaijingzhengbileihuijinyibujiangdi,eryingjianjishudechuangxinbiruanjiansuanfachuangxingengjubilei,tongshizaidachanglujingyilaideqingkuangxia,mouxielingyuchuangyegongsifanergengkuai、gengyouyoushi。


        danshi,xinpianyanfazhouqixinghenzhang,yanfachenggonglvdi,shiyigezijinmijixingherenlimijixingxingye。zuoweimenjianjiaogaodelingyu,yaoshixianguochanxinpiandeganchao,zuoxinpiandechuangyegongsiduituanduihetouzirendouyouyidingyaoqiu。


        shouxianxuyaotuanduibeijingguoying,tuanduibenshenyouqiangdadejishu、ziyuandengguanghuan,zhiyouzheiyangdetuanduicaigengrongyihuodezibendezhichi。muqianfazhanbijiaohaodeshenjiankeji、hanwujidoushizheiyangdetuandui。


        ershitouzizhexuyaolejiexingye。xinpiantouzishigaofengxian、gaohuibaode,xinpianchuangyebuxiangzuoqiyefuwu,3geyuechanpinjiunengshangxian,bannianzhihouchanshengshuju,xinpiandeyanfajiuxuyaosandaowunian,xinpiandetouziyeshizhangqideerbushiduanqide,zheishigenqihenduoxingyedoubutongdetouziluoji。


        zuoweitouziren,bixudongxinpian,cainenglejieweishenmezaitianshijieduanjiuyougaoguzhi,cailejiexingyeguilvyuanyichengdantouzidefengxian,zaizaoqicanyujinqubingqiebaozhengchuangyetuanduibuhuiyinweizijinwentierwufajianchi。


        muqianwoguoyijingzaizhengcecengmianduocichutaixiangguanwenjian,jiangrengongzhinengzuoweizhongdianbuju。aixinpianshiaixingyefazhandebiranlujing,xingyequdongyinsujiaoweimingxian。suiranmuqianyingweidazaigpushanghuodelejiaogaodediwei,dansuizhejishudeyanjinyijiqianduanxinpiandedakai,weilaixingyegejurengyoukenengyoujiaodadegaibian。


        laiyuan:yiouwang